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Common Types of Skin Diseases

Your skin performs vital functions you may not even be aware of. It protects you from dirt, debris, bacteria, viruses, and other harmful microorganisms. It helps protect you from the harmful radiation from the sun, it helps regulate your body temperature and serves critical functions of sensation. If you have a problem with your skin, this protective barrier can become compromised and infection, illness, or disease could develop as a result.

Although we generally don’t think too much about it, your skin deserves a lot of attention to keep it healthy. Therefore, you should always be on the lookout for the earliest signs of problems. Below are several common types of skin conditions and what to watch out for.

Acne

Almost every person will experience what it’s like to have a pimple from time to time. This can occur on any part of the body, but most commonly occurs on areas that contains oil-producing sebaceous glands.  True acne, however, is not a scattered pimple or two, but often a chronic skin condition. The breakouts generally involve the face, chest, and back. Acne can be persistent in many cases and is often accompanied by skin inflammation and irritation. While over the counter products can help control milder cases, moderate acne often requires prescription treatment.

Atopic Dermatitis

Also commonly called eczema, atopic dermatitis is generally an inherited rash that causes very itchy, red, scaly skin areas that develop without a known cause.  Skin areas are variable by age, but most commonly occur in skin folds and the face in younger patients.  Although skin allergy is highly suspected, identifying a particular agent or cause is usually unsuccessful, as almost anything that can be in the air or environment can trigger an outbreak.  Triggers can include environmental exposures, foods, topical products, medications, supplements, among many others.  Treatment involves avoiding triggers and moisturizing the skin regularly, in addition to using topical or systemic medications as necessary.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis makes red, scaly, thickened areas of skin that are often tender and sometimes itchy.  Common areas of involvement include the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back.  We now know that an abnormal response of the immune system has been demonstrated to be the underlying cause, however flares can be triggered by certain infections or even stress.  Treatment depends on multiple factors, but overall varies from topical medications to oral or injected medications.

Rosacea

Rosacea is one of the most common skin diseases, especially prominent in lighter skin types.  It causes enlarged blood vessels and red patches of skin on the cheeks that often become more prominent with flushing.  It is also associated with inflamed areas and pimples of the central face, as well as eye redness and sometimes ‘gritty’ sensation.  More commonly in men, it can even cause enlargement of tissues of the nose.  Treatment involves avoiding triggers as best possible, and includes a wide variety of topical and systemic medications. Each rosacea patient is unique, so finding the best treatment often requires patience and expertise.

Skin Cancer

There many types of skin cancer, but the two most common are called basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.  The most well-known skin cancer, melanoma, is not nearly as common, but is one of the most aggressive cancers of any type, so most people have heard of it, and think that all skin cancers are called ‘melanoma’ – although this is not true.  Each type of skin cancer is due to the uncontrolled excessive dividing of the particular skin cell type that becomes abnormal, and in the great majority of cases, this is due to an excessive amount of ultraviolet radiation exposure from the sun (or tanning beds).  The treatment of skin cancer depends greatly on the particular type and multiple other factors.  Be reassured that most skin cancers can be addressed relatively easily, however it is important to have it diagnosed early, so don’t ignore any skin lesion that just doesn’t seem right.

Warts

Warts are caused by a viral infection of the skin that usually occurs due to touching an area where someone else with a wart has touched and left infected cells behind.  In general, warts are not excessively infectious, however less mature immune systems, such as those in children, make contracting warts more easy.  Warts most often occur on areas of the body where rubbing or touching infected surfaces is common, such as the hands or feet.  Treating warts can be as simple as ‘freezing’ them off, or may require more aggressive methods of treatment.  Because warts are infectious and can spread to other areas, it is important to have suspicious lesions evaluated and treated sooner rather than later.

If you have a skin condition or problem that won’t go away on its own, it is wise to have it evaluated by a dermatologist – an expert in skin issues. Dr Mittelbronn and his staff at Lakeview Dermatology have many years of experience in treating even the most complex skin issues and can expertly guide you in addressing your current skin problems, as well as helping improve your skin to be its best for years to come.

At Lakeview Dermatology, we strive to make your experience as pleasant as possible. Our registration and front-office staff work hard to assure your scheduling and registration process is as smooth as possible, and will always do their best to help find an appointment time that works best for you.

Please contact Lakeview Dermatology to schedule your consultation – call (817) 752-5256 or request an appointment now. Our clinic is located in Lake Worth, Texas, and convenient to many areas, especially those in west Fort Worth.   We look forward to hearing from you!

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